Wednesday, 23 March 2016

ISLAMIC NOTES: Some Tips From My Dear Mom About Da'wah Invitation To Islam

In The Name Of Allah
The Most Gracious The Most Merciful

Inviting People With Wisdom And Beautiful Preaching

By Dr Norlain Dindang (a.k.a. Khadija May Allah Almighty have mercy on her and reunite us in Jannatul Firdaus near Allah and His noble Messenger Muhammad SallAllahu 'alaihi wa sallam. Ameen.)

Islam as a perfect religion and a way of life gives us the best guidance on how to invite people to Islam in the most effective way. To be successful Du’ât, Allah  The Most Merciful commands us to invite people to Islam with hikmah (wisdom) and beautiful preaching. Allah The Most Merciful says:

“Invite (all) to the Way of your Rabb (Cherisher and Sustainer) with wisdom and beautiful preaching; and argue with them in ways that are best and most gracious: for your Rabb knows best, who have strayed from His Path, and who receive guidance.”  (16:125)

The above verse serves as the approach or methodology of doing Da’wah based on the Qur’an, which is the Sunnah of the Prophet (s.a.w.s).  We, Du‘ât must follow the Prophet (s.a.w.s) how to invite people with hikmah and beautiful preaching.

 The following are the guidelines how to do Da’wah with hikmah and beautiful preaching:

1.   Pray and aspire for eloquent speech and wisdom

Allah is the One who gives (41:21) and teaches speech (55:4) to whom He pleases. We must pray to Him for eloquent speech and wisdom so we can effectively convey Islam to others.  We should remember that by His Will only, His Messengers (especially Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.s)) as well as other Muslim Du‘ât, succeeded in conveying Islam:
“Allah will admit those who believe and work righteous deeds, to Gardens beneath which rivers flow.  They shall be adorned therein with bracelets of gold and pearls; and their garments there will be of silk.  For they have been guided (in this life) to the purest of speeches; they have been guided to the Path of Him Who is Worthy of (all) Praise.” (22:23-24)

Abu Hurairah (r.a.)  narrated that the Prophet (s.a.w.s) said, I have been given the keys of eloquent speech and given victory with awe (cast into the hearts of the enemy)...” (Bukhari 9/127)

During our prayers (especially in the qunut for the witr prayers, after the midnight prayers) as well as before our Da’wah, we should include in our invocation the following supplications:

 “...O my Rabb! Expand me my breast.  Ease My task for me; and remove the impediment from my speech, so they may understand what I say.”    (20:25-28)

“O my Rabb (Cherisher and Sustainer)! Bestow wisdom on me, and join me with the righteous; grant me honorable mention on the tongue of truth among the latest (generations); make me one of the inheritors of the Garden of Bliss.”   (26:83-84)

If we have to do Da’wah in public, as much as possible, we must avoid the common errors in public speaking.  It is imperative that we try to improve ourselves in all aspects of personality development, including public speaking. The best way is to pray to Allah, to earnestly ask Him to give us best character, eloquence of speech and wisdom.  When Allah I blesses us, by His Grace, with a developed personality, gifted with eloquence of speech and wisdom, we can easily convey Islam to the non-Muslims, who will, Insha Allah, accept our invitation.

2.   Speak with confidence

We, the Du‘ât, should have self-confidence in ourselves.  As long as we know the subject matter in Islam that we are going to discuss with a certain degree of knowledge and then turn to Allah, pray for His help, we can successfully convey the message of Islam to others.  We should have trust in Allah, that by His Grace, we can speak with confidence in public no matter how large the audience is. The following Qur’anic verses should inspire us to have self-confidence in ourselves:

“You are the best of all people, evolved for mankind.  You enjoin what is right, forbid what is wrong, and believe in Allah...”   (3:110)

“Who is better in speech than one who calls (men) to Allah, works righteousness, and says, ‘I am of those who bow in Islam?’” (41:33)

3.  Be friendly and show kindness in your approach

It is imperative that we must be friendly and kind in calling non-Muslims to Islam.  We must remember that our characters and manners as Muslims can affect people’s attitude towards Islam.  If we behave nicely, as we ought to do, the non-Muslims will see the impact of Islam on us.  Let us be reminded of the following Islamic teachings and be friendly and kind in our approach:

“Allah forbids you not, with regard to those who fight you not for (your) Faith nor drive you out of your homes, from dealing kindly and justly with them: for Allah loves those who are just.  Allah only forbids you, with regard to those who fight you for (your) Faith, and drive you out of your homes, and support (others) in driving you out, from turning to them (for friendship and protection). It is such as turn to them (in these circumstances), that do wrong.” (60:8-9)

Abu Hurairah (r.a.) narrated that the Prophetr said, “A believer is friendly, and there is no good in one who is neither friendly nor is treated in a friendly way.”  (Tirmidhi 4995; and Ahmad)

Yazid Bin Na’mah (r.a.)  narrated that Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s.)  said, “When a man makes another his brother he should ask him his name, his father’s name and the stock from which he comes, for it Binds friendship more closely.” (Tirmidhi 5020)

‘Aishah (r.a.)  narrated that a man asked permission to see the Prophet (s.a.w.s) and the Prophet (s.a.w.s) said, “He is a bad member of the tribe.” When he entered, Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s) treated in a frank and friendly way and spoke to him.  When he departed, I said, “Messenger of Allah! When he asked permission, you said: “He is a bad member of the tribe; but when he entered, you treated him in a frank and friendly way.”  Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s) replied,  “Aisha! Allah does not like the one who is unseemly and lewd in his language.”   (Abu Dawud 4774)

 4.  It is always best to invite people to Islam with kind words instead of evil words or bad language

Since Da’wah means calling or inviting people to Islam (the submission to Allah and obedience to His Law), it is very essential that we speak kindly to non-Muslims and refrain as much as possible from uttering evil words: 

“Kind words and forgiving of faults are better than charity followed by injury.  And Allah is Rich (Free of all wants) and He is most Forbearing.”   (2:263)

“Allah does not love the utterance of evil words in public except by one who has been wronged. Allah is He Who hears and knows all things.”    (4:148)

 ‘Abdullah Bin ‘Amir (r.a.) narrated that the Prophet (s.a.w.s) never used bad language.  He used to say, “The best amongst you are those who have the best manners and character.” (Bukhari 4/759 and 8/56)

5.  Say the fundamental or best teachings in Islam and refrain from nonsense talking

The best way to invite non-Muslims is first to call them to Tawhîd.  We have to quote verses from the Qur’an so they can reflect and ponder upon the veracity of Allah’s words.  As much as possible, we must refrain from nonsense talking:

“Say to My servants that they should (only) say those things that are best: for Satan does sow dissension among them: for Satan is to man an avowed enemy.”  (17:53)

“Successful indeed are the believers, who are humble in their prayer, who shun the nonsense talking and the vain conversation, and who pay Zakat.”    (23:1-4)

 6.  Speak good words and do not insult

For non-Muslims to accept our invitation, we must always speak good words and never insult them. Let us learn from the following authentic teachings:

O you who believe! Be not like those who vexed and insulted Moses but Allah cleared him of the (calumnies) they had uttered: and he was honorable in Allah’s sight. O you who believe!  Fear Allah and (always) say a word directed to the Right: That He may make your conduct whole and sound and forgive you your sins: he that obeys Allah and His Messenger has already attained the highest Achievement.  (33:69-71)

‘Abdullah Bin Amr (r.a.) narrated that Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s.)  neither talked in an insulting manner nor did he ever speak evil intentionally. He used to say, “The most beloved to me amongst you is the one who has the best character and manners.” (Bukhari 5/104)

Abu Hurairah (r.a.) narrated that Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s.)  said,  “Whoever believes in Allah and the last day should talk what is good or keep quiet.  And whoever believes in Allah and the last day should not hurt (or insult) his neighbor.  And whoever believes in Allah and the last day should entertain his guest generously.”   (Bukhari 8/482)

Bilal Bin al Harith (r.a.)  narrated that Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s) said, “A man speaks a good word, not realizing its worth, for which Allah records for him His good pleasure till the day he meets Him. A man also speaks an evil word not realizing its importance for which Allah records for him His displeasure till the day he meets Him.”   (Tirmidhi 4833 and Ibn Majah)

‘Abdullah Bin Mas’ud (r.a.) narrated that the Prophet (s.a.w.s) said,  “A believer does not taunt, curse, abuse or talk indecently.”   (Tirmidhi 1740)

The best way to avoid insulting the non-Muslims, particularly the Christians, is to avoid making use of the Bible.  Unfortunately, those who make use of the Bible are insulting the Christians by enumerating the errors and contradictions in the Bible.
 7. Avoid vain discussion, argumentation and debate

We Du’ât must also avoid vain discussion, argumentation and debate.  We must be obedient to Allah and His Messenger (s.a.w.s):

“And do not argue with the People of the Book unless it be in a way that is better, save with such of them as do wrong. But say, “We believe in the Revelation which has come down to us and in that which came down to you.  Our God and your God is One; and it is to Him we submit  (in Islam).”   (29:46)

Abu Umamah (r.a.) narrated that Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s) said,  “No one who has once found the right way, ever goes astray except through dispute. Then Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s) recited this verse: ‘They set it forth to you only by way of disputation. Nay!  They are quarrelsome people.’ (43:58).”   (Tirmidhi 180 and Ibn Majah)

Al Mughira Bin Shuba (r.a.) narrated that the Prophet (s.a.w.s) said, “…Allah has hated for you (1) vain, useless talk, or that you talk too much about others, (2) to ask too many questions (in disputed religious matters), and (3) to waste the wealth (by extravagance).”    (Bukhari 3/591)

‘Abdullah Bin Umar (r.a.) narrated that he went to Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s) in the morning and he heard the voice of two persons who had an argument with each other about a verse. Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s.)  came to us (and) the signs of anger could be seen on his face. He said, “Verily, the (peoples) before you were ruined because of their disputation in the Book.”    (Muslim 6443)

Abu Namlah al Ansari (r.a.) narrated that Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s.)  said,  “ Whatever the people of the Book tell you, do not verify them, nor falsify them, but say: ‘We believe in Allah and His Messenger. If it is false, do not confirm it, and if it is right, do not falsify it.’”    (Abu Dawud 3637)

To avoid argumentation and debate, we must refrain from conducting public debates as well as lectures and seminars involving comparative religions.   Debates between Muslims and Christians usually create an unfriendly atmosphere that is never conducive to effective learning.   The Christians usually present their views by making use of the Bible as they claim it  to be “the Word of God” or “inspired.” We Muslims must never make use of the Bible as a reference material in conveying the Truth.  The Bible has many contradictions that only lead people to confusion, argumentation and hence, discord.  Instead of acknowledging the many errors in the Bible, most Christian audiences naturally become defensive.  Moreover, once we discuss the Bible, we allow Satan to interfere in the course of our Da’wah. In the Qur’an, Allah I says that Satan is the one who deceives humanity (4:119-120).  Therefore, we should not allow Satan to deceive us by wasting our time using the Bible for it is never  the source of Truth. The use of the Bible in doing Da’wah  to Christians, in most cases, turns the Da’wah  session or lecture into vain discussions, argumentation and debate, which Allah I and His Messenger (s.a.w.s) abhor.  We must not quote verses from the Bible as to do so is not the Sunnah of the Messenger (s.a.w.s) and his Companions.  In fact, the following authentic Ahâdîth should serve as warning to us not to refer to the Torah or the Bible:

Jabir Bin ‘Abdullah (r.a.) narrated that Umar Bin al-Khattab   brought to Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s)  a copy of the Torah and said: “Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s.) , this is a copy of the Torah.” He (Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s.) ) kept quiet and he (Umar t) began to read it. The (color) of the face of Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s) underwent a change. Abu Bakr (r.a.) said,  “Would that your mother mourns you, don’t you see the face of Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s.) ?”  Umar (r.a.) saw the face of Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s) and said, “I seek refuge with Allah from the wrath of Allah and the wrath of His Messenger (s.a.w.s.) .   We are well pleased with Allah as Rabb, with Islam as religion, and with Muhammad as Prophet.”  Whereupon Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s) said: “By Him in Whose hand is the life of Muhammad, even if Moses were to appear before you and you were to follow him, leaving me aside, you would certainly stray into error.  If (Moses) were alive (now), and he found my prophethood, he would have definitely followed me.”  (Tirmidhi 194,  Darimi and Mishkat 1/20)

Ubaidullah Bin ‘Abdullah Bin Utbah (r.a.)  narrated that Bin Abbas (r.a.)  said, “O Muslims? How do you ask the people of the Scriptures, though your Book (i.e. the Qur’an) which was revealed to His Prophet (s.a.w.s) is the most recent information from Allah and you recite it, the Book that has not been distorted? Allah has revealed to you that the People of the Scriptures have changed with their own hands what was revealed to them and they have said (as regards their changed Scriptures): This is from Allah, in order to get some worldly benefit thereby.” Bin Abbas (r.a.)  added: “Isn't the knowledge revealed to you sufficient to prevent you from asking them? By Allah I have never seen any one of them asking (Muslims) about what has been revealed to you.”  (Bukhari 3/850)

For our guidance, we should go for lectures and seminars where Muslims and non-Muslims are invited in a friendly atmosphere. We must convey to the audience especially the non-Muslims that the Qur’an is the Only Book of Truth from Allah I (32:2-3; 22:54) that has been preserved in a Tablet or in a Book well guarded (85:21-22). No one can ever change it (6:115). Allah I has promised to protect it from any form of human manipulation (15:9). The most varied and complete subjects of the Qur’an, which are beyond man’s ability to produce, makes it miraculously unique and inimitable.  It is the only Book wherein Allah I Allah I instructs mankind to follow it for guidance (6:155; 39:18).  Part of Allah’s guidance is His commandment to the whole mankind to obey His Messenger (s.a.w.s) (47:33).  The Prophet (s.a.w.s) is the best example for the whole mankind to follow (33:21).

To be successful, we must confine our topics and discussions on Islamic teachings by making use of the Qur’an and the Sunnah as the Sources of Divine Truth.  It is imperative for us to invite the non-Muslims to Islam with beautiful preaching instead of argumentation and debate.  In this kind of presentation of Islam or Da’wah, we allow the angels, instead of the Satan, to surround us.  They will be happy with us and help us pray to Allah I that we will succeed in our Da’wah.

8. Control anger and refrain from having dispute or quarrel

Another way of inviting non-Muslims is to control anger and refrain from indulging into dispute or quarrel.  This is a must because, to reiterate, Allah the Almighty has enjoined us to call people with beautiful preaching.  If we have to argue with them, we have to do it in the best way.  If possible we must control anger:

“And dispute not with the People of the Book, except in the best way, unless it be with those of them who do wrong.   But say, ‘We believe in the Revelation which has come down to us and in that which came down to you; our God and your God is One; and it is to Him we submit (in Islam).’”  (29:46)

Abu Hurairah (r.a.)  narrated that Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s) said, “The strong is not the one who overcomes the people by his strength, but the strong is the one who controls himself while in anger.” (Bukhari 8/ 135 and  Muslim 4/6311-6314)

Abu Hurairah (r.a.)  narrated that a man said to the Prophet (s.a.w.s), “Advise me!” The Prophetr said, “Do not be angry and furious.” The man asked (the same) again and again, and the Prophet (s.a.w.s) said in each case, “Do not be angry and furious.”   (Bukhari 8/137)

‘Aishah (r.a.)  narrated that the Prophet said, “The most hated person in the sight of Allah is the most quarrelsome person.”   (Bukhari 3/637)

Abu ‘Umama (r.a.)  narrated that Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s) said, “No people strayed from the right path after the (divine) guidance on which they were, but those who, indulged in disputation.”  He then recited the verse: ‘Nay, but they are a contentious people (43:58).’”  (Ibn Majah 1/48)

 9. Present Islam objectively by giving proofs from the Qur’an and the Sunnah.  If the non-Muslims try to counter argue, by claiming that their religion also teaches the same or even better ask for concrete proof or evidence:

“And they say: ‘None shall enter Paradise unless he be a Jew or a Christian.’  Those are their (vain) desires.  Say, ‘Produce your proof if you are truthful.’”  (2:111)

“...Say: ‘Bring you the Torah and study it, if you be men of truth.’  If any, after this invent a lie and attribute it to Allah, they are indeed unjust wrong-doers.”   (3:93-94)

 “Or have they taken for worship (other) gods besides Him?  Say, “Bring your convincing proof: this is the Message of those before me.”  But most of them know not the Truth, and so turn away.” (21:24)

10.  Explain the meaning, beauty and excellence of Islam: its rationality, completeness and practicality in the most logical and simple way.  Always stress that indeed, Islam is easy.

We have to explain to the non-Muslims that everything in Islam is documented.  It has proofs from the Qur’an and the Sunnah: the two authentic and divine scriptures of Allah I for the guidance of the whole mankind.  Take for instance the concepts of Islam and Muslim(s).  We read the following authentic proofs as clear examples:

“You (Muslims) are the best of peoples, evolved for mankind. You enjoin what is right, forbid what is wrong, and believe in Allâh...” (3:110)

 “...This day I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favor upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.”   (5:3)

“The Believers, men and women, are protectors, one to another: they enjoin what is just, and forbid what is evil . . .” (9:71)

Bin Umar narrated (r.a.)  that Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s.)  said,  “Islam has been built upon five things: 1.) Declaring that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is Allah’s Messenger; 2.) The establishment of salaah (five compulsory daily prayers); 3.) The payment of zakaah (obligatory charity); 4.) The Hajj (pilgrimage to the House of Allah,) if one is able;  and 5.) Sawm of Ramadan (fasting in the month of Ramadan).”  (Bukhari 1/7)

‘Abdullah ibn Amr (r.a.)  narrated that the Prophet SallAllahu 'alaihi wa sallam said, “A Muslim is the one who avoids harming Muslims with his tongue and hands. And a Muhajir (emigrant) is the one who gives up (abandons) all what Allah has forbidden.” (Bukhari 1/9)

Abu Hurairah (r.a.)  narrated that Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s) said: “A Muslim is one from whose tongue and hand the Muslims are safe and a believer is one in whom people place their trust in regard to their life and wealth.” (Tirmidhi Hadîth 33 and Nasa'i)

In order that non-Muslims effectively understand our Da’wah, we have to explain to them very clearly the Islamic concept of Tawhîd (Oneness of Allah) and the meaning of Shahada (Islamic Testimony). We have to explain to them the principles of the five pillars of Islam based on the Qur’an and the authentic Sunnah of the Prophet (s.a.w.s). We should also explain the benefits of accepting the belief in the Oneness of Allah I and the rest of the five pillars of Islam. We have to make it clear to them that the sincere performance of the five pillars of Islam is a must for all able Muslims for their salvation in the eternal life hereafter.  

The following Hadîth serves as an authentic proof:
Abu Ayyub (r.a.)  narrated that a man came to the Prophetr and said, “Direct me to a deed, which draws me near to Paradise and takes me away from Hell.” Upon this he (the Prophet (s.a.w.s)) said: “You worship Allah and never associate anything with Him, establish prayer, and pay Zakat, and do good to your kin. When he turned his back, Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s.)  remarked, “If he adheres to what he has been ordered to do, he would enter Paradise.”   (Muslim 1/13)

The non-Muslims should be made to understand that every teaching or commandment in Islam that we are supposed to do is for our benefit, example is the performance of Salâh (prayer). Allah I makes it very clear to us that prayer will make us righteous (2:21) and restrain us from shameful and evil deeds (29:45). When we are sure that the non-Muslims understand the basic or fundamental principles of Islam, then, we can invite them to believe in Tawhîd (particularly Tawhîd Al-Uloohiya or Ibadah), that is the worship of Allah I Alone. It is a must that we explain very clearly to them the meaning and conditions of Shahadah.  They have to know that the declaration of Shahadah or the testimony of Faith implies adherence to the Qur’an and the Sunnah.  Islam requires every able Muslim believer to perform the rest of the five pillars of Islam in accordance with the Qur’an and the Sunnah.

When the non-Muslims understand our explanation of the Shahadah, we have to invite them to sincerely accept the declaration that, “There is no God worthy of worship but Allah.”  We can inspire them with the following Ahadîth:

Abu Hurairah (r.a.)  narrated that he said “O Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s.) ! Who will be the luckiest person who will gain your intercession on the day of Resurrection?” Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s.)  said: “O Abu Hurairah! I have thought that none will ask me about it before you as I know your eagerness to (learn) the Hadîth. The luckiest person who will have my intercession on the Day of Resurrection will be one who said sincerely from (the bottom of) his heart La ilaha ilallah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah).”  (Bukhari 1/ 98)

Anas (r.a.)  narrated that the Prophet (s.a.w.s) said, “Whoever said La ilaha ilallah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah) and has in his heart good (faith) equal to the weight of a barley grain, will be taken out of hell. And whoever said La ilaha ilallah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah) and has in his heart good (faith) equal to the weight of a wheat grain, will be taken out of hell. And whoever said La ilaha ilallah and has in his heart good (faith) equal to the weight of an atom, or a small ant, will be taken out of hell.”    (Bukhari 1/42)

They should sincerely declare the Shahadah  --  that is to testify that there is no God worthy to be worshipped but Allah and that Muhammad (s.a.w.s) is Allah’s Messenger.  We should further inspire them with the following Hadîth:

Abu Hurairah (or Abu Said Al Khudri) (r.a.)  narrated that …Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s) remarked, “I bear testimony that there is no god but Allah and I am Allah’s Messenger. The man who meets his Rabb without harboring any doubt about these two (truths) will never be kept away from Paradise.”  (Muslim 42)

When they declare the Shahadah, we should make it clear to them that it is essential for them to comply with the rest of the five pillars of Islam in accordance with the Qur’an and the Sunnah.  This is the Sunnah of the Prophet (s.a.w.s) as shown in the following Hadîth:

'Abdullah Ibn Abbas (r.a.)  narrated that when Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s) sent Mu’adh  to Yemen, he said (to him),  “You are going to people of the Book. First of all, invite them to worship Allah (Alone) and when they come to know Allah, inform them that Allah has enjoined on them, five prayers in every day and night; and if they start offering these prayers, inform them that Allah has enjoined on them, the Zakat. And it is to be taken from the rich amongst them and given to the poor amongst them; and if they obey you in that, take Zakat from them and avoid (don't take) the best property of the people as Zakat.”   (Bukhari 2/537)

After explaining the basic teachings of Islam (i.e., the five pillars and six articles of faith in Islam), we can invite the non-Muslims to Islam. For their further enlightenment, in case they have not yet decided to recite the Shahadah, we can explain to them the beauty and excellence of Islam. We have to explain that Islam is not only practical but also easy. For instance, Allah I gives concession to the travelers by shortening and joining some prayers.  Women who are in menstruation are exempted from performing prayers. The sick, the old, the very young children, and the insane people are exempted from fasting during Ramadan.  The poor and the weak who can not afford to perform hajj, are not obliged to do the fifth pillar of Islam. Then, we have to explain clearly the belief in the six articles of faith in Islam and the meaning of ihsan  (perfection of faith in Islam).

It is necessary that they should know the concept of ibadah (worship in Islam). We have to explain that worship in Islam is a comprehensive term, which is not only confined to the daily salat (prayers) and other religious acts such as fasting, payment of zakat, pilgrimage and so on.  It is an all-inclusive term for all that Allah I loves of the inward and outward sayings, actions and deeds of a person.  In other words, worship is everything we say or do for the pleasure of Allah I.  It includes not only rituals and beliefs, but also economic, political, social and cultural activities, and contributions to the welfare of our fellow human beings. In short, everything we say and do in accordance with the Qur’an and the Sunnah, with the sincere intention to please our Creator, is an act of ibadah. 

We have to explain to the non-Muslims that Islam is the complete way of life for all. The Qur’an and the Sunnah cover all subjects affecting mankind, be they physical, material, economic, social, cultural, political, legal, religious or spiritual. The incomparable and comprehensive teachings of Islam guide all the Muslim believers in all circumstances at all times. They are simple, yet very practical, offering the best solutions to our perplexing problems.

Furthermore, we have to make clear to them that Islam as the complete way of life for all, is full of wisdom, guidance and truth.  We have to explain the excellence of Islam (being the complete way of life for all) in the simplest way possible.  In other words, we have to make things easy for them to see the Light and not to make them run away from it:

“Anas Bin Malik (r.a.)  narrated that the Prophet SallAllahu 'alaihi wa sallam said, “Facilitate things to people (concerning religious matters), and do not make it hard for them and give them good tidings and do not make them run away (from Islam).”    (Bukhari 1/69)

Abu Hurairah (r.a.)  narrated that the Prophet SallAllahu 'alaihi wa sallam said, “Religion is very easy and whoever overburdens himself in his religion will not be able to continue in that way. So you should not be extremists, but try to be near to perfection and receive the good tidings that you will be rewarded; and gain strength by offering the prayers in the mornings, afternoons and during the last hours of the nights.” (Bukhari 1/ 38)

In addition, it is for the benefit of the non-Muslims to know that everything that we are forbidden to do does harm to us. Allah forbids all indecent deeds. Some examples of these are evil and rebellion (16:90), mischief (28:77), transgression (59:19), arrogance, selfishness, niggardliness (4:36-37), ungratefulness (2:276), pride (31:18), envy (2:109), boastfulness (4:38), dishonesty (3:161), making oaths to deceive others (16:92), slandering (68:11), laughing at others, sarcastic attitude, calling others by offensive nicknames, suspicion, spying, or speaking ill of others behind their backs (49:11-12).  Islam considers an abominable act to speak maliciously about someone in his absence.  Corollary to this, Allah I has asked us to avoid suspicion as much as possible (49: 12). If a wicked person tells us something against someone else, we should not immediately accept it as true information.  If a sinner comes to us with any news, we have to ascertain the truth in order not to harm people unwittingly (49:6). Other forbidden acts in Islam include: indecent deeds, whether open or secret; sins and trespasses against truth or reason; rebellion (49:7); drinking wine and gambling (2:219 and 5:90-91); extravagance (6:141 and 17:26); usury (2:275-276); stealing; adultery and fornication, killing of children; slandering; and forging falsehood (60:12).  Furthermore, Allah I has prohibited the taking of life, which He has made sacred, except by way of justice and law (6:151). Non-practicing Muslims and non-Muslims must be objective and accept that all these forbidden deeds are harmful to the whole humanity.
During our Da’wah, we expect questions from non-Muslims, which they consider as sensitive issues in Islam.  They have many misconceptions in Islam.  It is our duty to rectify such misconceptions with concrete proofs from the Qur’an and the Sunnah. We must present our proofs with wisdom and beautiful language in order to correct their misunderstandings of our Deen. The clear evidences from the Qur`an prove that all distortions written against Islam are false.  They are nothing but mere products of men’s ill thoughts and evil deeds in order to keep people away from reverting to Islam.

After presenting and correcting all the misconceptions to them in the most logical and simple way possible, using evidences from the Qur’an, we have to stress that, indeed, Islam is perfect.  We must invite them to be rational to accept the best life, Islam.

11.  Make use of parables and similitude that may give admonition

Another way to effectively convey Islam is to make use of parables and similitude that may give admonition.  Both the Qur’an and the Sunnah give clear illustrations of beautiful parables and similitude that awaken the minds and hearts of every sensible individual.   Allah the Almighty says:

See how Allah sets forth a parable?   --   A goodly Word like a goodly tree, whose root is firmly fixed, and its branches (reach) to the heavens  --   it brings forth its fruit at all times, by the leave of its Rabb so Allah sets forth parables for men, in order that they may receive admonition. And the parable of an evil word is that of an evil tree.  It is torn up by the root from the surface of the earth.  It has no stability.  Allah will establish in strength those who believe, with the Word that stands firm, in this world and in the Hereafter; but Allah will leave, to stray those who do wrong.  Allah does what He wills.  (14:24-27)

“We have put forth for men, in the Qur’an every kind of Parable, in order that they may receive admonition.”   (39:27)

Examples of the parables that may give admonition to the non-Muslims are:
 “The parable of those who reject Faith is as if one were to shout like a goat-herd, to things that listen to nothing but calls and cries: deaf, dumb and blind. They are void of wisdom.”  (2:171)

“The parable of those who reject their Rabb is that their works are as ashes, on which the wind blows furiously on a tempestuous day.  No power have they over what that they have earned.  That is the straying far, far (from the goal).”  (14:18) 

Refer to the Qur’an for more parables  (examples: 2:262, 2:264, 3:35, 14:45, 16:76, 112, 18:32, 22:73, 24:35, 25:39, 29:41, 43, 30:58, 36:13, 39:29, 43:8 and 47:15).  The following are examples of similitude according to the Ahadîth :
Jabir Bin ‘Abdullah (r.a.)  narrated that the Prophet (s.a.w.s) said, “My similitude in comparison with the other prophets is that of a man who has built a house completely and excellently except for a place of one brick.  When the people enter the house, they admire its beauty but say: ‘But for the place of this brick (how splendid the house will be)!’”  (Bukhari 4/734)

Abu Hurairah (r.a.)  narrated that Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s) said, “The example of a believer is that of a fresh green plant the leaves of which move in whatever direction the wind forces them to move and when the wind becomes still, it stands straight.  Such is the similitude of the believer.  He is disturbed by calamities (but like the fresh plant he regains his normal state soon).  And the example of a disbeliever is that of a pine tree (which remains) hard and straight till Allah cuts it down when He wills.”  (Bukhari 9:558)

12.   Choose the proper time (moment) or day for Da’wah  and avoid making people from becoming bored.

Another very important part of hikmah is to choose the proper time or day for Da’wah in order to avoid making people bored. As much as possible, we have to know and conduct our Da’wah that is most convenient to our prospective audience/participants.   We have to follow the Prophet (s.a.w.s) who considered the convenience of the people in order to avoid making them bored and thus be effective in conveying Islam.  The following Ahadîth tell us:
Abdullah Ibn Mas’ud (r.a.)  narrated that the Prophet (s.a.w.s) used to take care of us in preaching by selecting a suitable time, so that we might not get bored.” (Bukhari 1/68)

Abu Wa’il (r.a.)  narrated that ‘Abdullah used to give a religious talk to the people on every Thursday.  Once a man said, “O Aba ‘Abdur-Rahman!  (By Allah) I wish if you could preach us daily.”  He replied,  “The only thing which prevents me from doing so, is that I have to bore you, and I take care of you in preaching by selecting a suitable time just as the Prophet (s.a.w.s) used to do with us, for fear of making us bored.”   (Bukhari 1/70 and Muslim)

Ikrima (r.a.)  narrated that Bin 'Abbas (r.a.)  said, “Preach to the people once a week, and if you won't, then preach them twice, but if you want to preach more, then let it be three times (a week only), and do not make the people fed-up with this Qur’an. If you come to some people who are engaged in a talk, don't start interrupting their talk by preaching, lest you should cause them to be bored. You should rather keep quiet, and if they ask you, then preach to them at the time when they are eager to hear what you say. And avoid the use of rhymed prose in invocation for I noticed that Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s.)  and his companions   always avoided it.”  (Bukhari 8/349)

13.  Deliver the lecture briefly but precisely with eloquence in order to arouse the listeners’ interest.

We Du’ât must try our best to be effective public speakers.  We must aim and work to be eloquent in conveying Islam to non-Muslims.  One best way to do this is to deliver the lecture briefly but precisely with eloquence in order to arouse the listeners’ interest. Let us learn from the following Ahadîth:
‘Abdullah bin Umart narrated that two men came from the East and addressed the people who wondered at their eloquent speeches. On that Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s) said, “Some eloquent speech is as effective as magic.”   (Bukhari 7/622)

Ammar Bin Yasirt  narrated that Ammar delivered to us (the audience) the sermon. It was short and eloquent. When he (Ammar) descended (from the pulpit) we said to him: O Abul Yaqzan, you have delivered a short and eloquent sermon. Would that you had lengthened (the sermon). He said: I have heard Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s) as saying: “The lengthening of prayer by a man and the shortness of the sermon is the sign of his understanding (of faith). So lengthen the prayer and shorten the sermon, for there is charm (in precise) expression.”  (Muslim1889)

‘Amr bin al-Ast  narrated that one day when a man got up and spoke at length he (Amr bin al-'As) said, “If he had been moderate in what he said: It would have been better for him. I heard the Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s) said: ‘I think (or, I have been commanded) that I should be brief in what I say, for brevity is better.’”  (Abu Dawud 4990)

14.  Talk with feelings and emotions

To be effective in our Da’wah, it is a must that we talk with a sense of feelings and emotions.  This means that we must talk with sincerity by trying to convey Islam the way we feel for the pleasure of Allah, the Exalted.   If we freely express what we feel of Islam and its teachings, inspirations, warnings and the like our listeners/audience will be more interested.   Let us emulate the Prophet (s.a.w.s) who talked with feelings and emotions:
Anas Bin Malik (r.a.)  narrated that the Prophet (s.a.w.s) said, “What is wrong with those people who look towards the sky during the prayer?”  His talk grew stern while delivering this speech and he said, “They should stop (looking towards the sky during the prayer); otherwise their eye-sight would be taken away.” (Bukhari 1/717)

‘Abdullah (r.a.)  narrated that the Prophet (s.a.w.s) said, “I know the person who will be the last to come out of the (Hell) Fire, and the last to enter Paradise.  He will be a man who will come out the (Hell) Fire crawling, and Allah will say to him,  ‘Go and enter Paradise.’  He will do it, but he will imagine that it had been filled, and then he will return and say, ‘O my Rabb, I have found it full.’  Allah will say, ‘Go and enter Paradise, and you will have what equals the world and ten times as much  (or you will have as much as ten times the like of the world).’  On that, the man will say, ‘Do you mock at me (or laugh at me) though You are the King?’”  I saw Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s.)  (while saying that) smiling that his premolar teeth became visible.  It is said that that will be the lowest in degree amongst the people of Paradise.  (Bukhari 8/575)

Jabir Bin ‘Abdullah (r.a.)  narrated that whenever Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s.)  delivered a sermon, his eyes would turn red.  His voice would become loud.  And his wrath would enhance as if he was warning (the people) against an enemy troop, saying, “It will surely attack you in the morning; it will surely attack you in the evening...”  (Ibn Majah  1/45)

15.  Explain things very clearly, repeat important points (if necessary), and speak in a loud and clear voice.

To be effective Du’ât, we must see to it that we convey Islam in the clearest way.  One way to do this is to repeat important points (if necessary) and speak in a clear voice, loud enough for everyone can hear.   The following Âyât   and Ahadîth tell us how our best model, Prophet (s.a.w.s), did his Da’wah clearly:

“(We sent them) with Clear Signs and Scriptures and We have sent down unto you (O, Muhammad also) the Message; that you may explain clearly to men what is sent for them, and that they may give thought.”  (16:44)

“How should they have the reminder.  Seeing that a Messenger explaining things clearly has (already) come to them.”   (44:13)

Anas (r.a.)  narrated that “Whenever the Prophet SallAllahu 'alaihi wa sallam spoke a sentence (said a thing), he used to repeat it thrice so that the People could understand it properly from him and whenever he asked permission to enter, (he knocked the door) thrice with greeting.” (Bukhari 1/95)

‘Abdullah Bin ‘Amr (r.a.)  narrated that once Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s) remained behind us in a journey.  He joined us while we were performing ablution for the ‘Asr prayer which was over-due.  We were just passing wet hands over our feet (not washing them properly) so the Prophet (s.a.w.s) addressed us in a loud voice and said twice or thrice, “Save your heels from the fire.”   (Bukhari 1/96)

‘Aishah (r.a.)  narrated that the Prophet (s.a.w.s) used to talk so clearly that if somebody wanted to count the number of his words, he could do so.”   (Bukhari 4/768 and Muslim)

16.   Make appropriate gestures to facilitate better understanding

It is part of hikmah that we convey the Message of Islam in the clearest manner.  One way to do this is to make appropriate gestures.  We must see to it that our gestures must be natural and spontaneous. This is to facilitate better understanding, which is in accordance with the Sunnah of the Prophet (s.a.w.s):
‘Abdullah bin Mas’ud narrated that the Prophet SallAllahu 'alaihi wa sallam said, “The Adhan pronounced by Bilal should not stop you from taking Suhur;  for he pronounces the Adhan at night, so that the one offering the late night prayer (Tahajjud) from among you might hurry up and the sleeping from among you might wake up. It does not mean that dawn or morning has started.” Then he (the Prophetr) pointed with his fingers and raised them up (towards the sky) and then lowered them (towards the earth) like this (Ibn Mas'ud imitated the gesture of the Prophet (s.a.w.s)). Az-Zuhri gestured with his two index fingers, which he put on each other and then stretched them to the right and left. These gestures illustrate the way real dawn appears. It spreads left and right horizontally. The dawn that appears in the high sky and lowers down is not the real dawn.”   (Bukhari 1/595)

Abu Uthman (r.a.)  narrated that while we were at Adharbijan, 'Umar wrote to us: ‘Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s) forbade wearing silk except this much. Then the Prophet approximated his two fingers (index and middle fingers) (to illustrate that) to us.’ Zuhair (the sub-narrator) raised up his middle and index fingers.”   (Bukhari 7/719)

Abu Hurairah  (r.a.)  narrated that Abu-l-Qasim (the Prophetr) said, “On Friday there is a particular time. If a Muslim happens to be praying and invoking Allah for something good during that time, Allah will surely fulfill his request.” The Prophet SallAllahu 'alaihi wa sallam pointed out with his hand. We thought that he wanted to illustrate how short that time was.   (Bukhari 8/409)

Umarah bin Ruwaybah (r.a.)  narrated that he saw Bishr ibn Marwan on the pulpit raising his hands and said: “Allah, disfigure these hands! I have seen Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s)gestured no more than this with his hands, and he pointed with his forefinger.”  (Muslim1895)

 17.  Use illustrations (visual aids) to arouse audience interest and facilitate easy comprehension.

In order to arouse the interest of the audience and at the same time make our explanation of Islam easier to understand it is appropriate that we make use of illustrations or visual aids. We must see to it that the illustrations are simple, clear and big or visible enough for the audience to see and understand. The following Ahadîth show how the Prophet (s.a.w.s) conveyed Islam in the clearest way possible by way of illustrations:

‘Abdullaht narrated that the Prophet SallAllahu 'alaihi wa sallam drew a square and then drew a line in the middle of it and let it extend outside the square. Then he drew several small lines attached to that central line, and said, “This is the human being, and this, (the square) in his lease of life, encircles him from all sides (or has encircled him), and this (line), which is outside (the square), is his hope.  And these small lines are the calamities and troubles (which may befall him), and if one misses him, another will snap (i.e. overtake) him.  And if the other misses him, a third will snap (i.e. overtake) him.” (Bukhâri, 8/426)

Anas bin Malikt narrated that the Prophet (s.a.w.s) drew a few lines and said, “This is (man’s) hope, and this is the instant of his death, and while he is in this state (of hope), the nearer line (death) comes to Him.” (Bukhâri, 8/427)

‘Abdullah bin Mas‘ûd (r.a.) narrated that (once) Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s) drew a line for us and then said, “That is the path shown by Allah.” Then he drew several other lines on his right and left sides and said, “These are the paths on every side of which there is a devil calling towards it.” He then recited this verse, ‘and verily, this is My Straight Path, so follow it (6:153).’” (Tirmidhi 166, Ahmad, Nasâ’i and Darimî)

Jâbir bin ‘Abdullah (r.a.) narrated, “We were sitting in the company of the Prophet (s.a.w.s). He drew a (straight) line and drew two (other) lines on its right side and two lines on its left side. He then placed his hand on the middle line and remarked, “This is Allah’s Path.” Then, he recited this verse: ‘and verily, this is My Straight Path; so follow it, and not the (other) paths. They will separate you away from His Path.’ (6:153).” (Ibn Mâjah 1/11)

18.  If possible, write and reproduce copies of your speech or lecture for distribution to the audience after your talk.

To be more effective in conveying the Message of Islam to non-Muslims, we must spend time and effort writing and producing copies of our lecture, at least its summary, for distribution to the audience.  If possible, we write some of the selected Âyât  and Ahadîth we quote in our lecture or speech. This will serve as a sort of re-enforcement and reminders to enlighten them of the words of Allah I and His Messenger (s.a.w.s). The following authentic Hadîth shows how the Prophet (s.a.w.s) encouraged the writing of speech for the benefit of the listeners:
Abû Hurairah (r.a.) narrated that when Allâh gave victory to His Messenger (s.a.w.s) over the people of Makkah, Allâh’s Messenger (s.a.w.s) stood up among the people. After glorifying Allâh, he said, “Allâh has prohibited fighting in Makkah and has given authority to His Messenger and the believers over it. So, fighting was illegal for anyone before me and was made legal for me for a part of a day, and it will not be legal for anyone after me.” Abû Shâh, a Yemenite, stood up and said, “O Allâh’s Messenger (s.a.w.s)! Get it written for me.” Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s) said, “Write it down for Abâ Shâh.” (The sub-narrator asked Al-Auzâ‘î), “What did he mean by saying, Get it written, O Allâh’s Messenger?” He replied, “The speech which he had heard from Allâh’s Messenger.” (Bukhâri 3/613)

19.  Ask if they understood properly the Islamic lecture that was conveyed to them.  Also be ready to entertain but not too many questions.

Abu Bakrah (r.a.) narrated that the Prophet SallAllahu 'alaihi wa sallam said, “No doubt your blood property; the sub-narrator Muhammad thought that Abu Bakra had also mentioned “and your honor (chastity)” are sacred to one another as is the sanctity of this day of yours in this month of yours.  It is incumbent on those who are present to inform those who are absent.” (Muhammad, the sub-narrator, used to say, Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s) told the truth.” The Prophet (s.a.w.s) repeated twice:  “No doubt! Haven’t I conveyed Allah’s Message to you?” (Bukhari 1/105)

Anas Bin Malik (r.a.) narrated that while they were in the mosque, a man came riding on a camel...The man said to the Prophet (s.a.w.s), “I want to ask you something and will be hard on questioning.  So do not be angry.”  The Prophet (s.a.w.s) said, “Ask whatever you want.”   (Bukhari 1/63)

Anas (bin Malik) (r.a.) narrated that once the people started asking Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s.)  questions, and they asked so many questions that he became angry and ascended the pulpit and said, “I will answer whatever questions you may ask me today...” (Bukhari 8/373)

Al-Mughira r narrated that the Prophetr said: “Allah has forbidden you to be undutiful to your mothers, to withhold (what you should give) or demand (what you do not deserve), and to bury your daughters alive.  And Allah has disliked that you talk too much about others, ask too many questions (in religion), or waste your property.” (Bukhari 8/6)

20.  Use all other possible means of communication to do Da’wah.

It is part of hikmah to use all possible means to invite both non-practicing Muslims and non-Muslims by appealing to their interests and or needs.  Examples of these are writing, publishing and distributing books and other reading materials on Islam and using modern public media such as radio, televisions and the Internet. Other examples include the production of computer programs on Islam.  These means should be used as long as they do not run contrary to Islamic norms. The following Hadîth sets as an example how the Prophet (s.a.w.s) suits the interest of the non-Muslims:
Anas Bin Malik (r.a.) narrated that once the Prophet SallAllahu 'alaihi wa sallam had an idea of writing a letter. The Prophet (s.a.w.s) was told that they (rulers) would not read letters unless they were sealed.  So the Prophetr got a silver ring made with “Muhammad SallAllahu 'alaihi wa sallam, Allah’s Messenger” engraved on it...”    (Bukhari 1/65)

We, Du’ât, who have the potential to write scholarly works should spend time writing books, booklets and articles on Islam.  This will benefit many and various people from different countries in many generations.   As much as possible, we should base scholarly writings on the Qur’an and the Sunnah.  Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s) encouraged writing even when he was on his deathbed:

Al Baraa (r.a.) narrated that there was revealed, “Not equal are those believers who sit (at home) and those who strive and fight in the Cause of Allah (4:95).”  The Prophet (s.a.w.s) said, “Call Zaid for me and let him bring the board, the inkpot and the scapula bone (or the scapula bone and the ink pot).” Then he said, “Write: 'Not equal are those Believers who sit....”  At that time, 'Amr Bin Um Maktum, the blind man was sitting behind the Prophet (s.a.w.s) and said, “O Allah’s Messenger! What is your order for me (as regards the above Verse) as I am a blind man?” So, instead of the above Verse, the following Verse was revealed: ‘Not equal are those believers who sit (at home) except those who are disabled (by injury or are blind or lame etc.) and those who strive and fight in the cause of Allah.’ (4:95).”     (Bukhari 6/512)

‘Abdullah Bin Amr Al ‘As (r.a.) narrated: “I used to write everything which I heard from Allah’s Messenger! I intended (by it) to memorize it. The Quraysh prohibited me saying: ‘Do you write everything that you hear from him while Allah’s Messenger is a human being, he speaks in anger and pleasure?’ So I stopped writing, and mentioned it to Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s).  He signaled with his finger to him mouth and said: ‘Write by Him, in Whose hand my soul lies, only right comes out from it.’”  (Abu Dawud 3639)

Bin Abbas (r.a.) narrated that when Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s.)  was on his deathbed and in the house there were some people among whom was 'Umar Bin Al-Khattab, the Prophetr said, “Come, let me write for you a statement after which you will not go astray.” 'Umar said, “The Prophet (s.a.w.s) is seriously ill and you have the Qur’an; so the Book of Allah is enough for us.” The people present in the house differed and quarreled. Some said, “Go near so that the Prophet (s.a.w.s) may write for you a statement after which you will not go astray”, while the others said as Umar said. When they caused a hue and cry before the Prophet, Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s.)  said, “Go away!” Narrated 'Ubaidullah: Bin 'Abbas used to say, “It was very unfortunate that Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s.)  was prevented from writing that statement for them because of their disagreement and noise.”  (Bukhari 7/573 and 9/468)

For those who find it difficult to write books and or articles, a letter addressed to non-Muslims may suffice.  Writing letters to non-Muslims inviting them to Islam is a Sunnah, which we must do as illustrated to us by our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.s).  The following is an example of the letter, which he SallAllahu 'alaihi wa sallam wrote to Heracleous, the ruler of Byzantine:
“In the name of Allah the Beneficent, the Merciful (This letter is) from Muhammad the slave of Allah and His Messenger to Heraclius the ruler of Byzantine. Peace be upon him, who follows the right path. Furthermore I invite you to Islam, and if you become a Muslim you will be safe, and Allah will double your reward, and if you reject this invitation of Islam you will be committing a sin by misguiding your Arisiyin (peasants). (And I recite to you Allah’s Statement:)

'O people of the scripture! Come to a word common to you and us that we worship none but Allah and that we associate nothing in worship with Him, and that none of us shall take others as Lords beside Allah. Then, if they turn away, say: Bear witness that we are Muslims (those who have surrendered to Allah) (3:64).’”  (Bukhari 1/6, 4/191 and 6/75)

The above letter shows the Sunnah of the Prophet (s.a.w.s) in inviting a non-Muslim to Tawhîd  by quoting a verse in the Qur’an.  In our Da’wah, we must always convey the Message of Tawhîd based on the Truth. When we invite people through writing, we should write about Islam with concrete proofs from the Qur’an and the authentic Ahâdîth or Sunnah.   We must adhere to these divine scriptures and refrain from any other sources such as the Bible that will just create confusion instead of giving guidance:

Jabir Bin ‘Abdullah (r.a.) narrated that when Umar came to Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s), he said: “We hear the narration from the Jews,  which sounds pleasing to us, so should we not write some of them?”  Whereupon he r said “Do you want to be baffled as the Jews and the Christians were baffled? I have brought to you (guidance) bright and pure and if Moses were alive now there would have been no alternative left for him but to follow me.”   (Tirmidhi 177)

In our Da’wah, we do not need to refer to any source such as the Bible because the Qur’an and the Sunnah provide us the certain knowledge of inviting people to Tawhîd.  The two authentic revealed Sources in Islam are sufficient for us.  The Qur’an teaches us to worship Allah alone and that the Prophet (s.a.w.s)  has commanded us to convey his teachings even in a single Ayâh  (verse of the Qur’an and never the Bible):

“Alif Lam Ra. (This Qur’an is)  a Book, with verses basic or fundamental  (of established meaning)  --  further explained in detail from One Who is Wise and Well-Acquainted (with all things).  (It teaches) that you should worship none but Allah…”   (11:1-2)

Abdullah Bin ‘Amr (r.a.)  narrated that the Prophet (s.a.w.s) said, “Convey (my teachings) to the people even if it were a single Ayâh  (verse)...”    (Bukhari 4/667)

21.  Beautify your presentation of Islam with the language of the Qur’an
The Qur’an, especially its Arabic text, shows a distinct form of extreme beauty with rhythmic verses that strike the mind and heart of every sensible reader. Every Surah (chapter) and Âyah (verse) of the Qur’an expresses eloquence and magnificence.  Inviting non-Muslims to Tawhîd using the Qur’an is not only easy and effective but also very rewarding.   We do not have to memorize the whole of the Qur’an or many Suraat and/or Ayât  in order to convey the Oneness of Allah.  To paraphrase, what the Prophet (s.a.w.s) said we can convey the message of Tawhîd even in one Ayâh .(verse). An example of one Ayâh  from the Qur’an which conveys the message of Tawhîd is the Ayatul Kursi (Verse of the Throne), quoted as follows:
“Allâh! There is no god (worthy to be worshipped) but He, the Ever-Living, the Self-subsisting, Supporter of all. No drowsiness can seize Him nor sleep.  To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and on the earth. Who is he that can intercede in His presence except with His Permission? He knows what happens to them (His creatures) in this world and what will happen to them in the Hereafter. And they will never compass anything of His Knowledge except that which He wills. His Throne extends over the heavens and the earth.  And He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them, for He is the Most High, the Supreme (in glory).” (2:255)

Those who have not memorized the above Ayâh , may just read it direct from the Qur’an or from the notes. Allah the Almighty has instructed us to recite (Ayât or Surat  from ) the Qur'an which is easy for us (73:20). In addition, the Surah Al-Fatiha, Surah Al-Ikhlas and Surah An-Naas are sufficient to convey Tawhîd.  It is preferable to read them with Tajwid  (right/appropriate reading of the Qur’an) in its original Arabic before giving their translations in the English language or in our own native languages. If possible, we must beautify our reading of the Qur’an as it is the Sunnah of the Prophet (s.a.w.s):

Abdullah bin Mughaffal (r.a.)   narrated: “I saw the Prophet (s.a.w.s) reciting (Qur'an) while he was riding on his she-camel or camel which was moving, carrying him. He was reciting Surat Fath or part of Surat Fath very softly and in an attractive vibrating tone.” (Bukhari 6/567)

Al Bara narrated: “I heard the Prophet (s.a.w.s) reciting Surat at-Tin waz Zaitun (By the Fig and the Olive) in the 'Isha' prayer and I have never heard anybody with a better voice or recitation than his.”  (Bukhari 9/636)

We must strive hard to know how to read the Qur’an beautifully.  The Prophet (s.a.w.s) enjoins us to beautify the Qur’an with our voices as show in the following Prophetic injunctions:

Al-Baraa' ibn Azib (r.a.)  narrated that  he heard Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s) say, "Beautify the Qur'an with your voices, for the beautiful voice increases the beauty of the Qur'an.”  (Tirmidhi 2208, Abu Dawud 1463 and  Darimi)

Abu Lubabah (r.a.)  narrated that Ubaydullah ibn Yazid said: “Abu Lubabah passed by us and we followed him till he entered his house, and we also entered it. There was a man in a rusty house and in shabby condition. I heard him say: “I heard the Messenger of Allah r say: “He is not one of us who does not chant the Qur'an.”  I (the narrator Abdul Jabbar) said to Ibn Abu Mulaykah: Abu Muhammad, “what do you think if a person does not have pleasant voice?”  He said: “He should recite with pleasant voice as much as possible.”   (Abu Dawud, 1466)

It is strikingly unique that when we read Allah’s Book with the right Tajwid and melodious tone we (including other Believers who listen to us, especially those who understand it) can not help but have misty eyes or have tears overflowing in our eyes. The inimitable words and symphony of the Qur’ân in Arabic when read properly move us to tears and ecstasy.  In fact, Allah the Almighty tells us that there are among the Christians who listen to the Qur’an whom He guides to the Truth and thus embrace Islam:
“Verily, you will find the strongest among men in enmity to the believers (Muslims) the Jews and those who are polytheists and you will find the nearest in love to the believers those who say: ‘We are Christians.”  That is because amongst them are priests and monks, and they are not proud.  And when they listen to the Revelation received by the Messenger you will see their eyes overflowing with tears for they recognize the truth. They pray: ‘Our Rabb! We believe; write us down among the witnesses.’”  (5:83)

When we read verses from the Qur’an we do not only show to the non-Muslims the authenticity of the Qur’an but also for them and those who listen to us to gain some rewards. Allah the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful will surely reward us every time we read Surah Al-Fatiha, Surah Al-Ikhlas and Surah An-Naas as stated in the following Ahâdîth:
Abu Hurairah (r.a.)   narrated that Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s.)  said, "The Um (substance) of the Qur'an is the seven oft-repeated verses (Al-Mathani) and is the Great Quran (i.e. Surat-al-Fatiha)."  (Bukhari, 6/227)

Abu Darda (r.a.)  narrated that Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s) said: “Is any one of you incapable of reciting a third of the Qur'an in a night? They (the Companions) asked: “How could one recite a third of the Qur'an (in a night)?” Upon this he (the Prophet) said: "He is Allah, the One" (Qur'an, 112) is equivalent to a third of the Qur'an.”   (Muslim 1769)

Aishah narrated that whenever Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s) went to bed, he used to blow on his hands while reciting the Mu'auwidhat (i.e. Suratal-Falaq 113 and Surat-an-Nas 114) and then pass his hands over his body.  (Bukhari 8/331)

Abu Musa al Hashari (r.a.) narrated that the Prophet (s.a.w.s) said, “The example of a believer who recites the Qur'an is that of a citron (a citrus fruit) which is good in taste and good in smell. And the believer who does not recite the Qur'an is like a date which has a good taste but no smell. And the example of an impious person who recites the Qur'an is that of Ar-Rihana (an aromatic plant) which smells good but is bitter in taste. And the example of an impious person who does not recite the Qur'an is that of a colocynth which is bitter in taste and has no smell."  (Bukhari 6/538, 9/649 and 7/338)

Abdullah ibn Mas`ud  (r.a.)   narrated that the Prophet (s.a.w.s) said “Whenever a person recites one letter from the Book of Allah, one good deed is recorded for him. One good deed is equal to ten good deeds the like of it.  I do not say that Alif-Lam-Mim is a letter, but A is a letter L is a letter and M is a letter.”  (Tirmidhi, 1003)

22.  After the lecture or Da’wah, invite the non-Muslims to open their minds and hearts to Islam with selected Qur’anic verses:

“Truly the Religion before Allah is Islam (submission to His Will).  Those who were given the Scripture (the Jews and the Christians) did not differ except out of mutual jealousy, after knowledge had come to them.  But if any denies the Signs of Allah, Allah is swift in calling to account.”   (3:19)

“If anyone desires a religion other than Islam (submission to Allah), never will it be accepted of him; and in the Hereafter he will be in the ranks  of  those  who  have lost (all spiritual good).”   (3:85) 

“Who can be better in religion than one who submits his whole self to Allah....?”   (4:125)

“...This day have I perfected your religion for you, completed My favor upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.”   (5:3)

Whatever you worship apart from Him is nothing but name which you have named.  You and your fathers, for which Allah has sent down no authority: the command is for none but Allah.  He has commanded that you worship none but Him.  That is the right religion, but most men do not know.”  (12:40)

Ask the non-Muslims to ponder upon the veracity of the above Qur’anic verses.  Ask them to be objective and see how powerful and strong are the categorical statements of Allah are.  Indeed, only the True God and Creator of mankind and all that exist has the divine power and the authority to make such statements.
23.  If they ignore your invitation, then advise them to pray to the One and Only True God  --    to supplicate to Him to guide them to the Truth.  Verily, He is the One Who guides those whom He wills to Islam:

“Those to whom Allah wills to guide, He opens their breast to Islam.  Those whom He wills to leave straying, He makes their breast close and constricted, as if they had to climb up to the skies; thus does Allah lay abomination on those who refuse to believe.”  (6:125)

“Whom Allah does guide, he is on the right path.  Whom He rejects from His guidance, such are the persons who lose.”  (7:178)

Abu Hurairah (r.a.) narrated that Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s.)  said to his uncle (at the time of his death): Make a profession of it that there is no god but Allah and I will bear testimony (of your being a Muslim) on the Day of Judgment. He (AbuTalib) said: Were it not the fear of the Quraysh blaming me (and) saying that it was the fear of (approaching death) that induced me to do so, I would have certainly delighted your eyes. It was then that Allah revealed: Verily you can not guide to the right path whom you love. And it is Allah Who guides whom He will and He knows best who are the guided (28:56).   (Muslim 38)

Make it very clear to the non-Muslims that Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful, is the Only One Who really guides people to the Right Path.   Allah gives guidance to those who ask for His guidance.  He gives pardon to those who sincerely seek His forgiveness.  It is for their benefit that they must ask Allah’s guidance and forgiveness.

Abu Dharr (r.a.) narrated that Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s.)  said that Allah the Most High says, “My servants, all of you are astray except him whom I have guided, but if you ask Me for guidance I will guide you. All of you are poor except him whom I have enriched, but if you ask of Me I will give you provision.  All of you are sinners except him whom I have preserved  (from sin), but if any of you knows that I have power to pardon and ask my pardon I will pardon him, and I do not care. If the first and the last of you, the living and the dead among you, those of you who are fresh and those of you who are withered  --  all had hearts as pious as the heart of the most pious of My servant  --   that would not add as much as a gnat’s wing to My dominion.  If the  first and last of you, the living and the dead among you, those of you who are fresh and those of you who are withered, had all hearts as wretched as the heart of the most wretched of My servants, that would not diminish as much as a gnat’s wing from My dominion. If the first and last of you, the living and the dead among you, those of you who are fresh and those of you who are withered, were gathered in one plain, each one of you asking all he could hope for, and I were to grant the request of each of you who asked, that would cause no more diminution in My dominion than if one of you passed by the sea and, after dipping a needle in it, took it out, that being because I am Generous and Glorious, doing what I wish. My giving is speech and my punishment is speech. My command to a thing when I want it is just to say to it ‘Be’ and it comes into being.”    (Tirmidhi 2344, Ahmad and Ibn Majah)

Indeed, the Qur’an and the Sunnah provide us the comprehensive and effective way of conveying Islam to the whole mankind. We, the Du’ât, should strive hard to acquire more knowledge of Islam based on the Qur’an and the authentic Sunnah or Ahâdîth. We should have comprehensive knowledge of Islam in order to follow it wholeheartedly. When we follow the Qur’an and the Sunnah, we develop the best character and manners that make us successful Du’ât. This will help us to propagate Islam with wisdom and beautiful preaching in the most humane, professional and diplomatic approach possible   --    all for the sole pleasure of Allah the Almighty.

May Allah the Most Merciful forgive all our mistakes, accept all our good deeds and join us with His righteous friends in Jannatul Firdaus near Him and His beloved Messenger Muhammad SallAllahu 'alaihi wa sallam. Ameen.

Remember to recite Surah Al-Kahf every Friday :)
 Mariam Mababaya <3 Nomayri AbdulWahab